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Gay vows

Claude Fischer, professor of sociology | May 22, 2012

Much of the to-do about President Obama’s coming out on gay marriage has focused on (besides the political strategy involved) what it tells us about Americans’ tolerance for homosexuality.

Noteworthy as well is what the to-do tells about Americans’ — gay and straight Americans’ — attitudes towards marriage. In same week that the French nonchalantly elected a president who has twice had an unmarried “partner” rather than a wife — the first time with no fewer than four children  –  Americans’ arguments about the President’s statement reaffirmed how much we care about marriage.

wedding cake w/ same-sex figurines

patheos via csueastbay/news

Affirming marriage

According to some analyses, the gay-rights movement backed into gay marriage as a political cause. While issues of equal rights, including partner rights such as hospital visitation, have been central to the LBGT agenda, marriage itself was an uncertain goal – distant and perhaps tainted as too conventional a life choice. The religious right found campaigning against gay marriage to be a successful rallying cry. That, in turn, seemed to mobilize gays to fight for it, perhaps many gays who had not cared so much about marriage before the conservative attack. And, probably to every side’s amazement, gay marriage has been winning the battle. In 1996 27% of Americans supported and 68% opposed having “marriages between same-sex couples . . . recognized by the law as valid, with the same rights as traditional marriages”; by 2011 a slight majority supported the proposition (Gallup).

One striking aspect of the entire debate is how much value the engaged parties on both sides place on formal, sanctified marriage, especially given the conventional wisdom that marriage is in decline. (See this earlier post on what has really been changing in marriage.) Americans keep saying they want to marry.

Survey data from the 1990s showed that only a few percent of singles under the age of 70 said they did not want to marry (source). In a 2010 Pew survey (available to download here), 89% of American adults had either married or said they were sure they wanted to marry; another 7% were unsure; and only 4% were sure that they wanted to never marry. (Many of the divorced  said they did not want to marry again – although most of the divorced do remarry.) I haven’t found data on the percentage of self-identified American  gays or lesbians who wish to marry and it is probably lower than  for other Americans. Nonetheless, the clamor from the gay community for the right to marry – when just being gay itself has so recently been removed from the list of crimes – is striking.

Some of the opposition to gay marriage is based on the argument that it would undermine the institution of marriage. It seems at least as likely that it would reinforce the institution by growing the percentage of Americans who dream of wedding bells.

Cross-posted from Claude Fischer’s blog, Made in America: Notes on American life from American history.

Comment to “Gay vows

  1. The gay community forced the hand of the gay rights organizations by bringing the first gay marriage suit in Hawaii. The advocacy organizations *begged* the defendants not to bring that case, told them it was not yet time, etc. The defendants told them to get on board or get out of the way. All of the advocacy organizations then had to re-write their entire 20 year battle plan for gay rights.

    I personally think the gay marriage conversation is the right conversation to have. No one is going to stay up late at night fighting for or against hospital visitation rights. That is not a rallying cry. Marriage goes to the heart of the matter.

    What conservatives really object to is not gay sex (who cares?) but *visible* homosexuality. And gayness becomes most visible when individuals form families. On the other side, it’s easy to be closeted when you’re just sleeping around. It’s only when you have a partner that you have to start lying all the time about your daily life.

    Marriage is a mark of citizenship. The first thing that American slaves did upon emancipation was to marry each other. It meant that they were free to form families, that they were able to protect their children, that they could determine their most intimate destiny.

    Marriage means the same thing to gay people. As a whole, we are not individual people having sex in alleyways but rather people who form couples and who increasingly have children. Full and equal citizenship is always a goal worth fighting for.

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