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It can happen to you: How to end sex hunting on campus

Nancy Scheper-Hughes, anthropology professor | March 15, 2016

Just a month ago I shared my reflections with Berkeley News on the 2015 film Spotlight and the history of the Vatican cover-ups of clerical sex abuse of young children and adolescents over the past decades. A few weeks later, Spotlight got its much-deserved Oscar for best picture of the year.

Meanwhile, another Oscar contender, Lady Gaga, passionately belted out her anthem “Til It Happens to You,” nominated for best original song and written for the documentary The Hunting Ground, about sexual assault on university campuses.

movie poster

“The Hunting Ground” documents sexual assault on college campuses nationwide.

At Gaga’s side were some 50 sexual assault survivors, including three Berkeley students and alumna. Lady Gaga did not leave the event with an Oscar. But we are on her side.

Like Lady Gaga and untold thousands of others — male, female and transgender — I, too, survived sexual harassment at times, as well as a life-threatening physical and sexual assault many years ago as a civil rights worker. It leaves its traces forever.

So, yes, it can happen to you, and to you, and to you — as long as our working spaces, meeting rooms, classrooms, dorms, recreation rooms, locker rooms, administrative offices are fair game for sex-hunting.

We need much more than educational videos and prevention programs. We need rapid and transparent response to allegations of sexual assault. As one of my very smart undergraduate students said, we need evidence-based clinical, psychological and forensic data collected in response to complaints of sexual harassment and assault.

And the buck stops here. As in the case of the Vatican cover-ups, primary responsibility lies with the “enablers,” be they bishops and cardinals or deans and vice chancellors.

When verified and admitted acts of sexual harassment and assault are taken care of quietly and privately, treated as minor annoyances, when perpetrators are given paid leave of absence or a newly minted administrative position, the university is behaving like the Vatican. When those who want to file complaints are given tissues to wipe their eyes, told to go home and rest, see a therapist, or take an unpaid leave of absence, violence has been done. When deals are made to protect powerful senior staff, star faculty or star athletes treated as untouchable university royalty, violence has been done.

The sense of betrayal is devastating to our students. The moral blindness of our administrators is shocking to our faculty.

Like the Vatican covers ups, there is a long history of cover-ups at the University of California, Berkeley. In the fall of 1986, I replaced then Professor Ken Jowitt as dean of Freshman-Sophomore Studies (now called Undergraduate Studies). I was given a house at the Clark Kerr campus and a mission to increase faculty-student contact and to develop intellectual projects (the campus’s Freshman-Sophomore Seminars grew out of this).

I was also in charge of several graduate-student residents at the Clark Kerr campus, who were also residential academic advisors to the students living there. One night I was awakened by two grad student advisors. They reported that a young freshman student had been gang raped by four football athletes during an after-game party at the Clark Kerr complex.

I immediately contacted campus police and reported to my administrator at the College of Letters and Science, who reassured me that the student was being well cared for at the campus’s student health center, and that the case was in the hands of competent lawyers. In fact, however, the “incident” was swept under the rug and the young men — who acknowledged the rape but blamed the euphoria of the game, women fans, and alcohol as mitigating factors — avoided prosecutions in exchange for “letters of apology.” Their sentence was a few weeks of “community service.” The four star athletes continued to play, the fans continued to roar, and the young woman dropped out of sight and out of UC Berkeley.

We didn’t have a rape policy at the time and the then-Chancellor referred to the incident as “date rape.”

We now have a rape policy and we have a great many sexual harassment education and prevention programs. But think back to the 1980s when the HIV/AIDS epidemic was taking the lives of so many gay men, many of them our students at Cal. What if our university healthcare program offered only education and prevention to the student body? Luckily the director of the campus medical system then was Dr. Jim Brown, who insisted on both prevention/education and giving those who tested positive the best medical care available at that time, rapid and evidence based.

Sexual assault is another kind of epidemic. It kills the spirit and the trust necessary to survival.

Universities are not only ivory towers of learning but also over-protected fortresses. When it comes to allegations and incidents of sexual assault, the first impulse of many administrators is to protect the institutions from “scandals.”

For decades the Vatican treated allegations of child sexual abuse as a private sin requiring penance and pastoral counsel for the priests (who were seen as wayward “children”), rather than acknowledging the verified sexual assaults as crimes requiring immediate but careful interventions with outside help. Similarly, the University of California should change its language and modify its responses, to acknowledge sexual harassment and sexual abuse as serious crimes.

Comments to “It can happen to you: How to end sex hunting on campus

  1. Very much impressive blog keep the good work up. I found this very informative. It helps me a lot. Love to wait for your next post.

  2. What is considered child abuse?
    Child abuse is typically divided into four separate categories: physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and neglect. While all are different, each one can be extremely damaging to the child’s well-being.
    Physical Abuse: This comprises all actions involving touching a child in a manner with the intent the harm him or her. For example, dealing blows to the child’s head or shaking the child in a violent manner both are forms of physical abuse.
    • • Sexual Abuse: These acts contain elements of both physical and emotional abuse. Sexual abuse can either involve contact between the child and another individual, or it may involve forcing the child to watch sexual acts being performed. With physical sexual abuse, the child may be forced to perform sexual acts alone or with another individual (another child, another adult — not necessarily with the abuser him or herself).
    • Emotional Abuse: This category encompasses all non-physical acts that have some sort of emotional or psychological impact on the child, such as verbal abuse. Examples of emotional abuse include directing hurtful words at the child or refusing to feed the child when he or she has does something wrong.
    • Neglect: This is the most common form of child abuse. It does not necessarily take a conscious effort on behalf of the abuser for him or her to neglect a child. Neglect includes acts such as failure to provide the child with basic necessities for a healthy life: food, water, shelter, bathing, healthcare, or love.
    Obviously, child abuse can come in many different forms. Its effects — both physical and emotional — are long-lasting.Recognizing an abused child
    Abused children often show different symptoms that indicate abuse. Typically, their behavior changes drastically. They might show signs of antisocial behaviors such as acting out more than usual or becoming extremely quiet and aloof. If a child has been physically abused in some form or fashion, then there are normally physical indicators on his or her body, such as bruises, cuts, or more know just click on this link

  3. To be accused is also morally damaging, I think this is one reason officials take initial steps to protect the accused. And just as anyone can accuse someone, how then can we assess being ‘qualified’ victim of sexual assualt/abuse?

  4. It actually got worse last week when many front-page news reports documented more facts proving Berkeley Powers That Be won’t/can’t control sexual harassment and intolerance by professors and students. Either we find better ways to protect the human race from itself, and implement them today, or climate changes we are experiencing today shall destroy acceptable quality of life in this century because of our failures.

  5. I read Greater Good Science Center and Berkeley Wellness websites most frequently because posts like this cause me to be outraged at the never-ending moral failures by UC administrators who are a root cause of these hellacious attacks.

    Doesn’t anyone at UC have solutions we can implement today?

  6. It seems to me that Professor Scheper-Hughes smears Catholics when she accuses “the Vatican” of condoning child abuse. Who exactly is “the Vatican”? Is she referring to a pope? All popes? All Catholics?

    While the press has had many stories regarding some members of the U.S. Catholic hierarchy protecting priests and not child-abuse victims, this attitude does not apply to the entire, nor most, of the hierarchy, nor to the majority of rank-and -ile priests, nor to ordinary Catholics.

    Similarly, smearing University administrators with a charge of “moral blindness,” because of acts or slowness of some, is unfair. Yes, we know that past attitudes of some officers of institutions were inappropriate, but let’s not throw mud at the institutions nor all of their officers nor members.

  7. Professor Scheper-Hughes should be commended for her willingness to talk about this issue in the university. She is more than right that undergraduates feel betrayed. I have watched my friends be assaulted and have investigations result in guilty charges, but in sanctioning processes perpetrators get off free with flashy attorneys.

    The university doesn’t provide students with evidence-collecting tools of empowerment and instead tells us (and dumps all of its resources into) we need to lead the charge of prevention. The university doesn’t realize the damage being done both by assault and by turning their backs.

    I was raped a few years ago. Not a day goes by that I don’t think about it. I used to shower four times a day to rid myself of the shame in my body. Only after getting a lot of help did I survive. I still have episodes of post-traumatic stress. The day needs to come where the university says “Enough is enough; women on this campus matter and their futures are in danger,”

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