Betsy Cooper is the former executive director of the UC Berkeley Center for Long-Term Cybersecurity. She came to Berkeley from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, where she served as an attorney adviser to the deputy general counsel and as a policy counselor in the Office of Policy. A graduate of Yale Law School, Cooper previously clerked for Berkeley Law professor and Judge William Fletcher on the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. She also completed a postdoctoral fellowship at Stanford's Center for International Security and Cooperation, as well as a Yale Public Interest Fellowship. Cooper has worked for more than a decade in homeland security consulting, managing projects for Atlantic Philanthropies (Dublin, Ireland), the Prime Minister's Strategy Unit in London, the World Bank and other think tanks. She is also the author of more than 20 manuscripts and articles on U.S. and European immigration and refugee policy; her book manuscript "Europe's Security Solution: Can Immigrant Integration Really Prevent Terrorism?" is currently under review. In addition to her law degree, Cooper holds a D.Phil. in politics from Oxford University, a master's in science in forced migration from Oxford University, and a B.A. in industrial and labor relations from Cornell University.