George A. Brooks is a professor of integrative biology whose research focuses on exercise physiology and metabolism, on which he has published more than 200 peer-reviewed papers. Brooks has focused on how the human body uses lactate, fatty acids, carbohydrates, and amino acids. A working hypothesis to come from his research is the Lactate Shuttle, a mechanism that allows the muscle to utilize lactate as fuel when the muscle uses up its normal source of fuel. Brooks received the Honor award from the American College of Sports Medicine in 2007, and the Honor award from the Exercise and Environmental Physiology Section of the American Physiological Society in 2014. His most recent efforts in the realm of translational medicine resulted from a collaboration with UCLA Neurosurgery where colleagues and Brooks are making new discoveries in brain metabolism in health and after Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). At present, clinical experiments are under way to develop a biomarker for Body Energy State and how to nourish body and Brain following TBI, goals being to improve patient outcomes while at the same time reducing hospital stay and costs. Brooks has served on several NIH grant review panels, and was a member of the National Academy of Sciences panel that wrote the scientific report that is a basis for our current dietary guidelines.